Everything You Need To Know About Nigeria’s Coat Of Arms

October 1, 2021

How much do you know about Nigeria’s coat of arms? You probably know that it’s one of the country’s national symbols, but do you know what the features represent? 

Let’s have a quick history lesson.

We can’t talk about Nigeria’s coat of arms without talking about its history.

The concept of a coat of arms can be traced back to medieval Europe, where they were used as a means of identification during battles. Its uses continued to evolve as the years passed, most notably to show family descent, property ownership, and alliances. Now, among its many other uses, the coat of arms is a country’s symbol of national unity, state power, and authority. 

Nigeria’s coat of arms 

nigerian coat of arms

Nigerian became an independent nation in 1960 and subsequently a sovereign state in 1963. Slowly, the country began to wash off its colonial past, which meant the adoption of new symbols to reflect this change. 

The country had designed a new flag in 1959 and hoisted it for the first time on October 1st 1960. Although the coat of arms was designed and recognised in 1960 in accordance with the national flag and coat of arms ordinance, No. 48, 1960, it wasn’t adopted until 1975. The coat of arms designs went through a series of changes, during this time before the final designs were approved and adopted. 

Here’s something interesting: the designer of Nigeria’s coat of arms is not known or officially documented, which is a departure from some of the processes that led to the creation and adoption of the Nigerian national flag — Taiwo Akinkunmi, the designer of the flag is credited.

Features of Nigeria’s coat of arms

Nigeria’s coat of arms has seven features, and each one represents a unique quality attributed to Nigeria. Let’s take a look at them. 

  1. The black shield: The black shield is a reference to the country’s fertile soil. 
  1. The wavy white pall: This occupies some space in the middle of the black shield. The symbol that forms the shape of the letter “Y” is a nod to the country’s two main inland rivers — River Niger and River Benue. Both rivers meet at a point in Lokoja to form a confluence, hence the “Y” shape. 
  1. The two horses: The horses on each side of the black shield are symbols of Nigeria’s dignity. Nigerians are proud people, so this is very fitting. 
  2. The red eagle: This represents the country’s strength. 
  3. The green and white wreath: This rest on top of the shield and beneath the eagle. It is a reference to the agricultural potentials of the country. 
  4. The grassy field and flowers: The flowers at the bottom of the coat of arms are called Costus Spectabilis, and they were Nigeria’s national flower. The decision behind the inclusion of this flower is that it is found all over the country. It represents the country’s beauty.
  5. The National motto: It reads “Unity and Faith, Peace and Progress”.

That’s everything to know about the features of the coat of arms and their significance. Interesting, isn’t it?


Have you read our interview with the Coat of Arms?

Interview With Nigeria’s Coat of Arms

Join The Conversation

Bring a friend.

You'll like this

September 28, 2020

Yesterday, we wrote on how the NLC and its 4 million members would go on strike if they did not reach an agreement with the federal government.  Well, the NLC has suspended its strike for two weeks, meaning some agreements were made for the meantime. This is everything the newspapers are not telling you they […]

June 28, 2021

How to register for PVC online- The Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) has launched the process for eligible Nigerian voters to register to vote in the 2023 general elections by opening an online portal for registration for Permanent Voters Card. Who needs this article? Nigerians above 18 who are eligible to vote, and have not […]

Watch

Now on Zikoko

December 8, 2021

More winners have emerged from Union Bank’s ongoing “Save & Win Palli Promo”. 50 lucky customers nationwide each won N100,000 in the recently concluded monthly draw. The winners were selected through a transparent live draw event monitored by relevant regulatory bodies and stakeholders. This marks the final set of monthly winners in the ongoing promo. […]

Recommended Quizzes

November 12, 2019

Are you a single pringle, stuck in a complicated situationship or happily married to the love of your life? This quiz is here to guess your current relationship status, and as you know, Zikoko quizzes are incredibly accurate (don’t quote us). So, give a shot:

November 11, 2019

Everyone has something to say about what kind of person they are. But how well do we truthfully evaluate these things? Not that much, I can assure you. The average person is always lying to themselves to make sure they look good. But you know what and who doesn’t lie? Zikoko quizzes that’s what. Take […]

April 1, 2020

Everyone has a Nigerian bank that matches their personality. You could either be as likeable as GTB, as efficient as Access or as mature as First Bank. Either way, all you have to do is take this quiz and we’ll let you know with almost 100% certainty. So, go ahead:

November 1, 2019

Twitter is buzzing right now, bringing a new conversation to the concept of cool vs not-so-cool, especially in relationships. If you’ve been thinking about how much of a red flag you are, why don’t you let this quiz help you decide once and for all?

More from Citizen

Watch

Trending Videos

Zikoko Originals

December 14, 2020
What happens when a group of chatty young Nigerians talk about things they're passionate about? You get Nigerians talk. A show that discusses very familiar struggles for the average Nigerian. From relationship deal breakers to sex education with Nigerian parents to leaving Nigeria, be prepared for a ride.
November 2, 2020
'The Couch' is a Zikoko series featuring real life stories from anonymous people.
October 26, 2020
A collection of videos documenting some of the events of the EndSARS protests.
June 22, 2020
'The Couch' is a Zikoko series featuring real life stories from anonymous people.
June 22, 2020
Hacked is an interesting new series by Zikoko made up of fictional but hilarious chat conversations.
June 4, 2020
What happens when a group of chatty young Nigerians talk about things they're passionate about? You get Nigerians talk. A show that discusses very familiar struggles for the average Nigerian. From relationship deal breakers to sex education with Nigerian parents to leaving Nigeria, be prepared for a ride.
June 2, 2020
Quickie is a video series where everyone featured gets only one minute to rant, review or do absolutely anything.
May 14, 2020
Isolation Diary is a Zikoko series that showcases what isolation is like for one young Nigerian working from home due to the Coronavirus pandemic.
March 12, 2020
Life is already hard. Deciding where to eat and get the best lifestyle experiences, isn't something you should stress about. Let VRSUS do that for you.

Z! Stacks

Here's a rabbit hole of stories to lose yourself in:

Zikoko amplifies African youth culture by curating and creating smart and joyful content for young Africans and the world.
X